Printable History Sheet

When was mountain biking invented?

Joe Breeze is normally credited with introducing the first purpose-built mountain bike in 1978. However, back in 1896, the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps, a regiment of black enlisted men and a white lieutenant, customized bicycles to carry gear from Missoula, Montana, to Yellowstone National Park and back. Their mission: to test the bicycle for military use in mountainous terrain.

What is a mountain bike made of?

Titanium is used to make the frames for most top-of-the-line mountain bikes, as it features the durability of heavier metal or alloy with the lightweight benefits of aluminum.

What is mountain bike racing?

Mountain bike racing (shortened MTB or ATB racing) is a competitive cycle sport held on off-road terrain. The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) recognized the discipline relatively late in 1990, when it sanctioned the world championships in Durango, Colorado.

What is a 24-hour bike race?

24-hour mountain bike races are a form of endurance mountain bike racing where solo competitors or teams race for a period of 24 hours and standings are based on who has ridden the furthest distance in that time (typically, the most number of laps around a loop).

 
Lt. James A. Moss’s company of 25th Infantry, U. S. Army Bicycle Corps, from Fort Missoula, Montana. on MINERVA TERRACE, October 7, 1896

Lt. James A. Moss’s company of 25th Infantry, U. S. Army Bicycle Corps, from Fort Missoula, Montana. on MINERVA TERRACE, October 7, 1896

 

By-the-Numbers

21, 24, or 27
Number of gears on a typical mountain bike

100
Number of riders in the 1999 first annual Spokane 24 Hours Round the Clock Race

40 Million
Number of mountain bike riders in the U.S.